Also known as “praejuramentum” or “juramentum calumniae”, this was an oath taken by both accuser and accused ahead of a trial by compurgation, such as by combat or other judicially sanctioned duels. If the accuser failed the trial, the accused went free. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the word, derived from Latin, was first used in this sense sometime around 1763.
Word Archaeology: antejuramentum
November 12, 2020